Even toddlers as young as 17 months old can perceive social dominance, say researchers, and also anticipate that dominant people will receive more rewards.
“This tells us that babies are sorting through things at a higher level than we thought. They’re attending to and taking into consideration fairly sophisticated concepts,” says study co-leader Jessica Sommerville, a psychology professor at the University of Washington.
Here’s the original study.
This mother wrote a piece about her children, and her screens.
“Put… down… your phone,” sputtered my ruddy-cheeked, then 20-month-old toddler, tightly clutching her Dr Seuss’ Mr Brown Can Moo board-book.
It was one of her first complete sentences.
Friends who are parents of older children tell us unanimously to delay the introduction of personal digital devices and to regulate screen usage thereafter. Children will have no problems mastering them later, they say.
Of course not. They’re large market consumer devices. They’re easy enough for anyone to use. They’re not challenging. That’s the point — easy, habitual use.
My three children, now in kindergarten and nursery, neither watched television nor played with personal digital devices the first two years of their lives. The screen embargo was lifted temporarily on only two occasions: for the National Day Parade live telecast and for FaceTime when my husband travelled abroad.
Our television set was a white elephant. I consider this a feat, given how we used to eagerly catch the latest programmes in our once child-free life. (Game Of Thrones in recent years? BBC’s Sherlock? Forget it.)
But I suppose these efforts were well worth it. We enjoyed our children climbing onto our laps and clamouring to be read to, embarking on “good old-fashioned” pursuits like climbing at the playgrounds, doodling, dancing and simply goofing around – activities we loved for growing their imaginations.
I high-fived my husband when my elder twins hit the age of two, before which the American Academy of Paediatrics recommended no screen exposure (although this guideline has recently been changed to 18 months).
Things my nana said are being proven by science again. If you take a nap now, you won’t sleep later.
The researchers used activity monitors to record a week’s worth of babies’ daytime naps, nighttime sleep and activity patterns. The results, published June 9, 2016, in Scientific Reports, showed a trade-off between naps and night sleep. Naps came at the expense of night sleep: The longer the nap, the shorter the night sleep, the researchers found. And naps that stretched late into the afternoon seemed to push back bedtime.
Children younger than three have already acquired the specific prejudices of their parents.
Monash University’s Associate Professor Kerry O’Brien said the findings indicate anti-fat prejudices are socially learned and children are picking up on them at a younger age than previously thought.
The anti-fat sentiments of the children studied had a “high correlation” to their mothers expressing those attitudes in a questionnaire carried out with the research.
“…the child’s mind can acquire culture at a much earlier age than has been generally supposed.” Attitudes, dispositions, preferences, everything that is culture is absorbed by the child from her environment.